Modern society expects technological innovation and product development that will enable us to live longer, healthier, better lives. Silicones are a fundamental building block that helps make this possible.
Silicone rubber is a synthetic material which has the structure shown in this image:
The polymeric molecular structure of silicone rubbers has a main chain formed of siloxane linkages Si-O. The bond energy of the siloxane linkage Si-O is 106.0 kcal/mole that is much higher than the bond energy 84.9 kcal/mole of the carbon-to-carbon bond C-Co. This difference in the bond energies explains the outstanding stability of silicone rubbers in comparison with other organic rubbers. In general, silicone rubber has much better heat resistance, electrical insulation, chemical stability, etc. than organic rubber.